contributions

Land policy, family farms, food production and livelihoods in the Office du Niger area, Mali

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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze: 1) the policy conditions under which family farms in the Office du Niger area could invest in land; 2) the impacts of various scenarios of land and other policies; 3) the opportunity costs of allocating land and irrigation water to players other than family farmers. A thorough field survey, based on the concept of farming system and combining quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection and processing, was carried out in 2011 involving 380 family farm managers.

The Fitting Process: Getting a Formal Job at a Luxury Hotel in Vietnam

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Abstract

Amid a general trend toward the informalization of employment, the globalizing sector of high-end hospitality services creates a limited number of formal employment opportunities for manual workers in specific locations with large pools of potential recruits. This paper examines the hiring criteria and recruitment process for waiting staff positions at an international luxury hotel in coastal Vietnam.

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Assess Smallholder Farmers’ Adoption of New Technologies in Development Interventions

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Abstract

In spite of decades of research, the complexity of new technology uptake by smallholder farmers in the context of development interventions is still little understood. In order to unravel the motives for, and barriers to, technology adoption, we propose a multidisciplinary qualitative framework that expands the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework with the agronomic Agrarian system approach and the Development anthropology-based ECRIS (Rapid Collective Inquiry for the Identification of Conflicts and Strategic Groups) approach.

The Future of Work

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Abstract

The Future of Work is a collective, interdisciplinary effort to grasp the trends that were reshaping the world of work before the Covid-19 pandemic along with its effects on the workers and labour markets.

Quels effets des circuits courts de commercialisation sur les moyens d’existence des agriculteurs familiaux ? Le cas d’une foire paysanne à Quito (Équateur). Économie rurale. Agricultures, alimentations, territoires

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Résumé

En Équateur, les circuits courts se développent, sous l’impulsion de l’État et des organisations de la société civile soucieuses de promouvoir l’agriculture familiale marginalisée. Cet article utilise le cadre analytique des moyens d’existence durables (Sustainable Livelihoods Framework) pour étudier les effets sur des petits producteurs agricoles de leur participation à une foire hebdomadaire de vente directe aux consommateurs, à Quito.